Camels can travel up to 161 km (100 miles) in the hot desert without water. But contrary to popular misconception, a camel’s hump is not filled with water. Instead, it is filled with fat (up to 36 kg, or 80 lbs.) that is metabolized for energy and water when needed. As the fat is used up, the hump will become flabby, so if you see a camel with a flabby hump — or no hump at all — feed it, because it is probably very hungry.
A thirsty camel can drink 135 liters (30 gallons) in 13 minutes. (I wonder who timed this?)
Camels can close their nostrils to keep out sand. They also have two sets of eyelashes to protect their eyes — one shorter (those set nearest to the eyes) and one longer.
Camels have big, flat footpads, which allow them to walk on the sand without sinking.
Camels are fast! They can run up to 64 kilometers (40 miles) per hour. But they are anything but graceful. They have an uncommon stride, resulting from walking by using the legs on the same side of their body at the same time (giraffes walk like this, too), which creates a swaying motion that can make riders feel seasick. Maybe it’s no wonder they have the nickname “ships of the desert.”
Like cows, camels have a multi-chambered stomach. They need to regurgitate and chew the cud, which is why camels are led around by a rope at the nose or a halter (not a bit and bridle like a horse), in order not to interfere with their chewing.
A camel pregnancy can last between 12 and 14 months, depending on the season and the availability of food.
Having a camel means all of your needs will be met. You can eat the meat, make clothes with the hair, make shoes with the hide, drink the milk, and fuel a fire with the dung.